Happy Sunday to everyone ! Magandang araw po !
Soon it will be Christmas !
Our theme for this Sunday reading is: The God of History.
The Lord Jesus Christ is God, The Son. Being God, He is not subject to our time and space.
But when He agreed to become a man to redeem us, He entered into our time and space.
The Lord Jesus Christ is a God of History because when He became a human person He entered into our time and space. When we refer to history there is always a time and a place when it happened and where it happened. It happened at a certain time in history and at a certain place. He was born more or less December 25 during the time when Herod was king in a place called Bethlehem, in Judea near Jerusalem. He died on a Friday, crucified, in a place called Golgotha at around three in the afternoon when He was around 33 years old. It was also a day before the Jewish celebration of the feast of the Passover, commemorating the chosen people’s emancipation from slavery and thereby gaining freedom.
Because of this it is easier for us humans to relate and understand God and salvation history.
Here is our first reading:
“This is what the Lord says to his anointed,
to Cyrus, whose right hand I take hold of
to subdue nations before him
and to strip kings of their armor,
to open doors before him
so that gates will not be shut:
For the sake of Jacob my servant,
of Israel my chosen,
I summon you by name
and bestow on you a title of honor,
though you do not acknowledge me.
I am the Lord, and there is no other;
apart from me there is no God.
I will strengthen you,
though you have not acknowledged me,
so that from the rising of the sun
to the place of its setting
people may know there is none besides me.
I am the Lord, and there is no other. (Isaiah 45:1, 4-6)
Here God, who is God of History, makes use of a good king, Cyrus, a pagan, who defeated Baylon in 539 BC and the new ruler of the Middle East, to free His chosen people from their exile in Babylonia.
Here is our Gospel reading:
Then the Pharisees went out and laid plans to trap him in his words. They sent their disciples to him along with the Herodians. “Teacher,” they said, “we know that you are a man of integrity and that you teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. You aren’t swayed by others, because you pay no attention to who they are. 17 Tell us then, what is your opinion? Is it right to pay the imperial tax[a] to Caesar or not?”
But Jesus, knowing their evil intent, said, “You hypocrites, why are you trying to trap me?19 Show me the coin used for paying the tax.” They brought him a denarius, 20 and he asked them, “Whose image is this? And whose inscription?”
“Caesar’s,” they replied.
Then he said to them, “So give back to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s.” (Matthew 22: 15-21)
Here The God of History made use of an evil emperor, the Roman Caesar, to be part of God’s plan for our salvation.
Here is a background from our Saint Joseph Sunday missal:
“The Pharisees of Jesus time were against paying taxes to the Romans, but the Herodians ( supporters of Herod, puppet king of the Romans) collaborated and paid taxes.”
As we can see this whole set up will end in the crucifixion of our Lord and three days later in the great Easter Sunday, The Resurrection , The Lord’s Day.

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